XXVI SCIENTIFIC APPLICATION FORUM OF SCIENTIFIC SOCIETIES AND STUDENTS PURIFICATION OF MATERIALS

 

 

VARICOSE VEINS OF THE PELVIS IN WOMEN SUFFERING FROM VARICOSE VEINS OF LOWER EXTREMITIES

Dustova N.K.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Varicose veins of the pelvis, a disease whose frequency is not yet clear to modern medicine, but whose existence is undeniable. Many problems in women are associated with this pathology, but due to the lack of full-fledged diagnostics and necessary medical knowledge, there is dissatisfaction in achieving the therapeutic outcome of this category of women.

The aim of the study was to estimate the incidence of varicose veins of the pelvis in women suffering from varicose veins of the lower extremities.

Materials and methods. The study included 32 patients with varicose disease of the lower extremities who entered the department of vascular surgery of the Bukhara Regional Clinical Hospital for routine surgical treatment of this pathology. All patients had chronic venous insufficiency of the lower extremities of II, III degree. An important point in the study was the careful collection of anamnesis. Found out the origin chronic pain in the lower abdominal areas, arising after prolonged static and dynamic loads with the strengthening of the menstrual cycle in the second phase and the emergence of painful crises - recurrent exacerbations provoked exogenous (cooling, fatigue, stress) and endogenous (exacerbation of diseases of internal organs) causes. Attention was drawn to the feeling of discomfort and pain during and after sexual intercourse (dyspareunia). Performed as a thorough examination of the gluteal areas and perineum for the purpose of identifying varicose-modified veins. However, I would like to note that the orientation only on clinical manifestations allows to suspect the disease of only 10%. Therefore, we built all the diagnostics on the results of ultrasonic duplex scanning. Ultrasound diagnosis was performed using transabdominal and transvaginal sensors. As a differential diagnostic criterion between the primary and secondary varicose veins were used Valsalva. When performing this test, an increase in the diameter of the veins by more than 2 mm was considered a sign of reno-ovarian reflux.

Results of the study. Our study showed that 24 patients (75%) had chronic pain in the lower abdomen, which occurred after prolonged static and dynamic loads and increased in the second phase of the menstrual cycle. 22 patients (69%) had dyspareunia. And only 8 patients showed varicose veins in the perineum and gluteal regions. When the UZD was performed, it was found that the varicose veins of the pelvis were 18 (56%). The average diameter of the primary varicose-dilated ovarian veins was 7.01 ± 0.5 cm.

Conclusions. The causes of so-called chronic pelvic pain are numerous, and one of the leading places among them is varicose veins of the pelvis. This is often a frequent pathology, which requires further research. Focusing only on the clinical manifestations of the disease, one can suspect the disease only in a small percentage of cases. Therefore, the USP acts as an irreplaceable assistant in the diagnosis, being a minimally invasive and highly informative method for diagnosing varicose veins of the pelvis.

 

INTRODUCTION OF PATIENTS WITH VARICOSE VEINS OF THE PELVIS AND PELVIC PAIN SYNDROME

Dustova N.K.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Varicose veins of the small pelvis are invisible to clinicians because of a lack of pathogens and manual criteria of the disease, but it leads to chronic abdominal pain syndrome, menstrual cycle disorders due to developing ovarian hypofunction, vein thrombosis and possible thromboembolism or rupture. The use of ultrasound methods of investigation, is a significant opportunity in the diagnosis of violations of venous hemodynamics in pelvic organs in women. The high diagnostic value of ultrasound is the detection of organic damage to the venous system of the small pelvis at the stage of preclinical forms of the disease, which allows us to outline the ways of preventing varicose veins of the pelvic organs at the initial stage, and also to evaluate the results of treatment.

The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of Dioflan in women of reproductive age with varicose veins of the pelvis and chronic pelvic pain syndrome.

Material of the study. 15 practically healthy women of reproductive age from 19 to 28 years old (mean age 22.7 ± 2.1 years) who applied to the first city maternity hospital in Bukhara were examined for the development of ultrasound diagnostic criteria for assessing the state of the venous network of the small pelvis preparation for planned pregnancy (control group). The main group comprised 25 women of reproductive age from 20 to 29 years old (mean age 24.6 ± 1.3 years) with complaints of pelvic pain (100.0%), irregular menstrual cycle (36.0%), in whom in all cases of ultrasound examination revealed signs of varicose veins of the pelvic organs. The ultrasound was performed on the SSI 5000 Sono Scape scanner (China), using an intravaginal sensor in echography and Doppler ultrasound. Ultrasound was performed before and after a course of drug therapy with Dioflan.

Results of the study. Patients of group I with isolated expansion of ovarian veins had a diameter of 0.5 to 0.7 cm before treatment. After phlebotonic treatment with phlebodia 600, their diameter decreased to 0.2-0.3 cm. Patients II-III groups before treatment revealed the expansion of ovarian veins to 0.7 cm, uterine veins up to 1.0-1.5 cm, arched veins to 0.4-0.5 cm, and in patients of group III there was also an expansion of internal iliac veins up to 1.3-1.8 cm. After the course of reception of the phlebotonic drug Dioflan, improvement of the condition enoznoy pelvic system in patients in Group II 84.6% of patients and the group III in 75% of cases, respectively.

Conclusions. The findings suggest that ultrasound provides significant opportunities in diagnosing violations of venous hemodynamics in pelvic organs in women, allowing non- invasive examination of the vascular system, and its visualization of a quantitative analysis of blood flow. The use of the preparation Dioflan for the treatment of varicose veins of the pelvis in women led to a significant decrease in the specific symptoms of the disease: pain in palpation of the pelvic wall in 21 of 25 (84.0%), vaginal cyanosis in 19 of 25 (76.0) and pain syndrome in 22 of 25 (88.0%) patients. The result of the use of the preparation of Dioflan was a decrease in the dilated diameter of the veins of the small pelvis and an increase in the rate of blood flow in the internal iliac and uterine veins.

THE PROBLEM OF STILLBIRTH AND THE WAYS OF ITS SOTUTION

Sharipova D.Sh. student of the 2nd year treatment faculty Scientific master: Ixtiyarova G.A.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology

The purpose of the study. Analysis of the causes and consideration of the regional peculiarities of perinatal mortality, which will allow to purposefully influence the level of the PM and determine the ways of its prevention in the region.

Materials and methods of research. The regional features of stillbirth, the reasons are estimated, the strategy on reduction is defined. 167 cases of stillbirths in the territory of Bukhara region for 2008-2012 were analyzed. The statistical processing of the results was carried out using a software application package (SAP) StatisticaforWindows 6.0.

Results and discussion. The results of the study revealed that the leading cause of perinatal loss was antenatal asphyxia on the background of intrauterine infection (IUI)- 79%. In 13% of cases intranatal asphyxia was registered against the background of pathology of the fetoplacental complex. In 16% of cases, the main cause of fetal death was antenatal sepsis, in 5% - perinatal CNS damage. The age of patients ranged from 17 to 45 years, an average of 27.1 ± 1.9 years. Women of active reproductive age prevailed - 88%. It was found that 8.3% of women had a lack of body weight, 25.8% had overweight, and 12.6% had obesity. Before pregnancy, 69.5% of women suffered from one or more medical conditions. Gynecological diseases in the anamnesis were noted in 50.3% of women. The course of pregnancy in the examined patients was characterized by a high incidence of chronic anemia - 80%. Other most common complications of the gestational process were: ARVI - 40%, gestational pyelonephritis - 29.1%, vaginal infections - 37.3%, threat of termination of pregnancy - 29.9%, fetal development retardation syndrome - 18.6%, hypertensive disorders - 12.6%. Analysis of the medical documentation of women's consultations made it possible to identify the lack of management of the gravidogram in 45.9% of the observed. The conducted study made it possible to establish that in 56.6% cases antenatal death occurred outside the hospital. With respect to all stillbirths, the antenatal fetal


death in the hospital came in at 15.6% cases. The average gestational age for stillbirth is 35.5 ±

4.1 weeks. Full-term stillbirths was in 43.7% cases, not full-term - 56.3%. Among the term infants, in 79% of cases, antenatal and 13% intrapartum death of the fetus, while in premature pregnancy - in 25% antenatal, and in 72.5% intrapartum death of the fetus. Among the stillborn, boys accounted for 52.1%, girls 47.9%, the average stillborn weight was 2390.8 ± 893.9 grams (630-4670 grams, the average length was 46.5 ± 6.1 cm (29-52 cm) cm.) Among the term-borns, 50.7% had an average weight of 3000 grams.The results of the pathoanatomical study revealed that the average weight of the placenta ranged from 200 to 1000 grams on average, amounting to

474.5 ± 75.7 grams. Chronic PN was confirmed morphologically in 100% of cases, and in 80.8% a decompensated form was observed. The main cause of stillbirths was antenatal asphyxia against the background of the VUI - 79%. 7.6% of pregnant women had pernicious habits. In 52.3% of the patients revealed chronic carriers of infections. In 69,5% of cases chronic extragenital somatic diseases were registered. 50.3% of women had gynecological pathology.

Conclusion. Thus, the data of our study, which allowed the creation of an information base, allow us to determine the key approaches to preventing and reducing stillbirth in the Bukhara region: the formation of a healthy lifestyle from the period of newborn (girl, maiden, woman), fighting pernicious habits, preventing infections transmitted by sexual way, gynecological diseases (contraception), pregravid training; counseling pregnant women on antenatal fetal behavior from the first weeks of pregnancy; total introduction of the gravidogram and antenatal monitoring algorithms; refusal to prolong pregnancy with diagnosed exacerbation of acute infections and exacerbations of chronic extragenital pathology; continuous training of specialists in antenatal care and intranatal monitoring.

 STABLE ANGINA PECTORIS AND METABOLIC THERAPY

Zhabborov B. a student of the 3rd year of the curative and pediatric faculty Scientific director: Abdullaeva U.K.

Department of Propaedeutics of Internal Diseases and Clinical Pharmacology

The frequency of stable angina pectoris increases dramatically with age: in women with 0.1-1% at the age of 45-54 years to 10-15% at the age of 65-74 years and in men with 2-5% at the age of 45- 54 years to 10-20% at the age of 65-74 years. The mortality from diseases of the circulatory system in Uzbekistan in 2010 was 56.7% of all causes of death. The pharmacotherapy of coronary heart disease (CHD) should eliminate the imbalance between the oxygen demand and its intake, not only by influencing hemodynamics, but also by correcting the metabolic consequences of ischemia. Preductal MR (Servier, France) switches the energy metabolism of the myocardium from fatty acid oxidation to glucose oxidation by inhibiting acetyl-CoA acyltransferase, a key enzyme in the oxidation of fatty acids in mitochondria.

Preductal MR is effective in monotherapy and enhances the action of β-adrenoblockers, calcium antagonists, without affecting blood pressure and heart rate for CAP.

Purpose of the study. To assess the efficacy and tolerability of Preductal MR (Servier, France) in the treatment of stable angina pectoris of the 2nd class functional class (FC).

Material and methods. 40 patients were monitored, of them men - 55% (22 people), women - 45% (18 people). The average age is 56.8 years. The average body mass index is 29.6. Arterial hypertension occurred in 72.3% of patients, type 2 diabetes mellitus - in 7.2%. Patients received standard therapy + Preductal MR 35 mg 2 times / day.

Results. 8 weeks of treatment with Preductal MR resulted in a statistically significant (p

<0.05) decrease in the incidence of anginal attacks per week from 22.8 ± 3.5 to 11.4 ± 1.9 times,

i.e. by 50.5% or 2 times. Therapy with Preductal MR caused a significant (p <0.05) decrease in the intake of short-acting nitrates per week from 17.4 ± 2.9 to 7.6 ± 1.5 tablets, i.e. by 56.3% or

2.3 times. In 95% of cases, doctors and 94% of patients evaluated the effectiveness of Preductal MR therapy as excellent and good. Tolerability of the drug Preductal MR was assessed as excellent and good by a total of 95% of physicians (5 patients) and 90% of patients (36 people).

After 8 weeks of therapy, 90% of patients expressed a desire to continue treatment with Preductal MR. During therapy, 5.0% of patients (2 patients) had side effects. One patient (2.5%) refused treatment, one patient (2.5%) was forced to refuse to continue therapy because of financial problems. More than half of the patients (55.0%) had no changes in antianginal therapy, in 12.5% of patients the doses were reduced, in 10.0% - in increased, in 4.5% of patients there was a withdrawal of drugs, in 8, 0% of drugs were replaced within the same pharmacological group, 10.0% of patients were prescribed another antianginal therapy.

Conclusions. Preductal MR can serve as a drug of choice in the treatment of stable angina pectoris of functional class II.

 

ENDOPROSTHESIS REPLACEMENT THE CHOICE METHOD AT SEVERE FORMS OF DEGENERATIVE AND DYSTRОFIC DISEASES OF THE HIP JOINT

Tuymurodov B., student of the 5th year medical and pediatric faculty Scientific master: Akhmedov Sh.Sh.

Department of general surgery, traumatology and ortopedy

One of serious pathologies conducting to resistant disability with appreciable disability is diseases of a hip joint, in particular it is a dysplastic coxarthrosis and an aseptic necrosis of a head of a femur. Representing a serious social and economic problem holds a specific place in traumatology and orthopedics.

Materials and methods. So relevance of this problem is confirmed still by the fact that interest in the matter around the world doesn't die away and it is shown by a set of the offered reconstructive and recovery operations and several tens artificial joints. One of widely applied operative measures as artificial ankylosis of a hip joint lost the value as a plastic surgery of this joint. Short circuit of one hip joint leads further to an excess load of a backbone, a symmetric joint and their early decompensation. The told consequences and functional inconveniences are well-known the majority to patients in this connection, they often lay down conditions of conservation   not   only   basic,   but   also   motive   function   of   an   extremity.   Contrary to an artificial ankylosis in all developed countries artificial replacement of a hip joint widely is applied. In our country due to the lack of domestic designs and high cost import this intervention is method of the choice and sometimes remains operation of despair as K.M.Sivash once spoke (1981). In our clinic from 2015 to 2017 it is made operative measures on replacement of a hip joint with an endoprosthesis to 56 patients. As abroad, and at us with accumulation of experience indications and contraindications to operation are specified. The analysis of the taped complications allowed estimating technical qualities of this endoprosthesis, to correct technical aspects of an operative measure and to introduce new developments in this direction. However broad use of a method allowed tapping a series of complications which were bound to design disadvantages, technology of operation and errors of postoperative maintaining. Shaking of components of an endoprosthesis in a bone tissue in various terms after operation was a dominant cause of failures nevertheless. The wrong indication, errors during operation and postoperative maintaining patients could be the reasons of this complication.

Results. It demonstrates to what at establishment of indications it is necessary to consider not only age and design features of an endoprosthesis, a condition of an acetabular hollow, femur parameters, expression of an osteoporosis, the nature of earlier undergone this joint operations and existence of other associated diseases. Keeping of all these rules predetermines good resultsof treatment. From the surgeon who is carrying out endoprosthesis replacement not only implementation of all prescriptions on endoprosthesis replacement, but also creative approach for the solution not of standard situations which often arise at endoprosthesis replacement is required. Considering the small choice of an endoprosthesis, one of highlights is selection of an endoprosthesis before operation. For the solution of these questions we offered a roentgen a contrast ruler by which determined the exact sizes of an acetabular hollow and diaphysis of a femur, comparing them with standard preparations.

There is debatable a question of an optimality of cement or mechanical bracing of components of an endoprosthesis when it is necessary to consider not only age of the patient, but also the nature of pathology, linear parameters of osteal structures and associated diseases In our opinion the dominating criterion in this question there has to be an age of the patient and selection of the corresponding design. For improvement of processes of reparation of a bone tissue at mechanical bracing of knots of prosthesis, if necessary, we use the autograft taken from a resectional part of a head of a femur. There were cases of use of additional screws for the prevention of rotation of a femoral component.

Thus, the problem of treatment of lesions of a hip joint with function restoration acquired special relevance now. At many pathological conditions of a joint for relief of suffering of patients, replacement of a joint with artificial is quite justified as competent performance of this operation and high quality of prosthesis in most cases allows receiving good results.

 

TREATMENT OF DESTRUCTIVE FORMS OF PERIODONTITIS WITH MICROBIOLOGICAL STUDY OF ROOT CANAL CONTENT

Bokiev Sh. - student of stomatology faculty Scientific director: Sabirov Sh.S. Department of therapeutic stomatology

Aim Complex endodontic treatment of destructive forms of periodontitis andassessment of the efficacy of treatment based on microbiological study of dental root canal content.

Methods. 32 patients with destructive forms of chronic periodontitis aged 25–35 years, without endodontic intervention in the anamnesis, underwent endodontic treatment. Depending on the conducted treatment all patients were divided into two groups: in group 1 complex treatment was performed on 19 teeth based on our developed scheme, group 2 underwent treatment of 13 teeth with the use of standard treatment method. The microbiological study of root canal content was conducted before treatment and was repeated before sealing with permanent sealing material.

Results. The microbiological study of root canal content before treatment was characterized by significant variety of microbial flora, high prevalence of bacterial and fungal flora, its content was 4-5.8 lg CFU/ml. The most aggressive facultative anaerobic Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria were observed: Prevotella intermedia, Fusobacterium, Actinomyces spp. The repeated microbiological study after complex endodontic and standard treatment of destructive forms of periodontitis demonstrated reduction of the quantity of bacteria in root canal. The developed treatment scheme turned out to be more effective compared to the standard method. In root canals only some species were found, and in isolated cases Streptococcus intermedius, Streptococcus sangius, Enterococcus spp. were isolated in extremely small quantities, not more than 3.0 lg CFU/ml (103 CFU/ml).

Conclusion. Use of the complex endodontic and standard treatment of destructive forms of periodontitis resulted in the decrease of bacterial content and variety of species in root canal; higher microbiological efficacy was demonstrated for the suggested complex treatment method compared to the standard method.

 

EFFICIENCY OF CALCIUM HYDROXIDE IN THE INFECTED ROOT CANALS

Saidova M., student of Stomatology faculty Scientific director: Habibova N.N. Department of therapeutic stomatology

The vehicles used to carry calcium hydroxide intracanal medicament are many and may affect the retrieval. Access cavities were prepared in 40 single rooted anterior teeth, cleaning and shaping was done and filled with either Metapex or pure calcium hydroxide powder in distilled water. After 7 days the calcium hydroxide was retrieved using either 17% EDTA or 10% citric acid in combination with ultrasonic agitation. Volume analysis was done using spiral computed tomography.

10% citric acid showed better removal efficiency than 17% EDTA for Metapex. The 17% EDTA showed excellent removal efficiency of powder form of calcium hydroxide in distilled water than Metapex. Ten percent citric acid removed powder form of calcium hydroxide in distilled water better than Metapex. Hermann’s introduction of calcium hydroxide in 1930 started a new epoch in the field of dentistry. The clinical success with this material is mainly attributed to its alkaline pH and depends on its ability to rapidly disassociate into hydroxyl ions and calcium ions. Tronstad et al. demonstrated the diffusion of calcium ions through the dentin to the external surface. Calcium hydroxide has been used in various clinical situations and is kept inside the canal for different time periods ranging from 7 days for intracanal medication to 6 to 24 months for apexification. Calcium hydroxide as an intracanal medicament has been shown to reduce the pathogenic species associated with pulp necrosis. The antibacterial efficacy of calcium hydroxide may be dependent on the vehicle used. Calcium hydroxide placed inside the root canal has to be removed before obturating the canal with permanent obturating materials.

Very few studies have been done to assess the efficiency of techniques in removal of calcium hydroxide. Calcium hydroxide removal before final obturation is routinely accomplished either by irrigating with NaOCl or saline or nstrumentation in a reaming motion.

The aim of this in vitro study was to assess the efficiency of two calcium chelators namely 17% EDTA solution and 10% citric acid combined with ultrasonic agitation, in the removal of calcium hydroxide placed as an intracanal medicament using two different vehicles. The two vehicles used in this study were, the commercially available paste in silicone oil and freshly mixed calcium hydroxide powder in distilled water. The volume of calcium hydroxide removed was analyzed with spiral computed tomography (CT).

Materials and methods. The calcium hydroxide formulations were selected on the basis of the vehicles used. Metapex is a commercially available product composed of calcium hydroxide, silicone oil, and iodoform (Meta Dental Corp. Ltd., Elmburst,NY). The chemically pure (95%) calcium hydroxide powder (MerckIndia Ltd., Mumbai, India) was mixed with distilled water in 1:1 ratio and barium sulfate was added for radiopacity .

Forty extracted single rooted anterior teeth were selected. The teeth with fractures, cracks, or any other defects were excluded. Teeth were stored in normal saline solution that was changed daily till sufficient number of teeth was collected. Access was prepared and the root canals were subjected to chemomechanical preparation with the step-back technique using K-files. The master apical file was standardized to three times the size of the initial apical file and 5.25% NaOCl was used as an irrigant after each instrument. Recapitulation with smaller size files was done during chemomechanical preparation. Before the final rinse a 20-size file was passed 1 mm beyond the apex to remove any dentinal shaving plugs. The teeth were stored in normal saline in airtight bottles in between procedures. The teeth were divided into two groups of 20 teeth each. Metapex was injected into the root canal until the material extruded through the apex (group A). Calcium hydroxide was placed into the canals with lentulo spiral until the material extruded through the apex (group B). The access cavities were temporarily sealed with a cotton pellet and IRM. The teeth were stored at 37°C and 100% relative humidity for 7 days (14). Then the teeth were mounted in a plastic stand using modeling wax for the purpose of taking spiral CT.

Results. There was significant difference between the groups when tested using Kruskal- Wallis (Kruskal-Wallis statistic 13.73). Intergroup comparisons were done using Mann-Whitney U test assuming unequal variance. The removal efficiency for various groups was 72.8% (A1), 89.8% (A2), 99% (B1), and 96% (B2). The 10% citric acid showed better removal efficiency than 17% EDTA for Metapex. Powder form of calcium hydroxide in distilled water was removed efficiently by both the methods. The 17% EDTA showed much better removal efficiency of powder form of calcium hydroxide in distilled water than Metapex. The 10% citric.

Conclusion. The vehicle used to prepare calcium hydroxide paste is important for its retrieval. Oil based calcium hydroxide is more difficult to remove than powder form calcium hydroxide mixed with distilled water. Both 17% EDTA and 10% citric acid were found to remove the powder form of calcium hydroxide in distilled water efficiently, whereas 10% citric acid was found to perform better than EDTA in removing oil based calcium hydroxide.

 

 

СHANGES OCCURRING IN THE SMALL INTESTINE UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF BIOSTIMULATOR AGAINST THE BACKGROUND RADIATION DISEASE

Badieva D.S., student of the 2rd year мedical and pediatric faculty Scientific director: doctor of sciences Teshaev Sh.J.

Department of Anatomy, clinic Anatomy (OSTA)

Gastrointestinal tract is the area of its surface is 300 m2. Immune system mucosa is part of the total immune system of the body. Main its task is to ensure effective protective barrier on the border of contact the external environment, namely against the background of exposure. Found that 80% of all immunocompetent cell body localized in the mucosa intestine, about 25% the intestinal mucosa consists of immunologically active tissue and cells.

Purpose of the study was the study of quantitative the content of lymphocytes in lymphoid structures fine gut rats 3 months of age in normal and exposed antiseptic-stimulant of Dorogov.

Materials and methods. In order to achieve goals we conducted a study by 30 rats. Rats- male experimental group was administered by means of the probe inside the stomach antiseptic- stimulant of Dorogov in a dose of 0,5 ml. Face rats made at the age of 3 months.

The results of research and discussion. In newborn rats lymphoid education small intestine presented diffuse lymphoid tissue. In submucosa the basis of observed diffuse accumulation of small and medium-sized lymphocytes in the form of chain. In the control group length small intestine is 78-85 cm. Diameter of the initial department of 6-8 mm, the average of 9 mm, end- 10-14 mm. Group not received ASD after exposure is a length of 93-95 cm. Diameter of the initial department of 6-9 mm, the average of 9,8 mm, end-11-15 mm. Group receiving ASD after exposure is a length of 107cm. Diameter of the initial department 10,2 mm, the average of 10,8 mm, end-13-17 mm. In the diffuse clusters initial segment small intestine content of large lymphocytes varies 11 to 15 cells per 100 lymphocytes avarage- 12,5 ± 0,7, medium-sized lymphocytes - from 37 to 41, on average, 37,6 ± 0.5, and small lymphocytes - from 47 to 53, on average -50,1 ± 0,6 neonatal rats in lymphoid clusters the middle of fine-bowel number of large lymphocytes 100 lymphocytes ranges of 15 to 18 cells, on average, 16,5 ± 0,3, medium-sized

lymphocyte-30 to 35, in medium- 32,2 ± 0,5, small lymphocyte-from 51 to 54, on average, 51,6

± 0,3. Study of the cell composition of the lower segment fine gut showed that the number of large lymphocytes 100 lymphocytes varied 14 to 17, an average of - 15,3 ± 0,3, medium-sized - lymphocyte 29 to 34, on average -31,8 ± 0,5, small lymphocyte-from 50 to 56, on average, 52,9

± 0,3 cells.

Conclusions. In this way studies have shown that in the control group for small intestine in the distal direction increases the number of medium-sized and small lymphocytes in the group receiving ASD. In the experiment in lymphoid nodules small intestine at the reception ASD observed increase the number of large lymphocytes. Against the reducing the small, and the number of middle-lymphocytes almost unchanged. The number of small lymphocytes in lymphoid nodules both groups and in all segments small intestine less control.


FACING A TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT

Kadirov M. student of the 2rd year мedical and pediatric faculty Ilmiy rahbar: Rajabova D.R.

Language department

Our personal life is highly dependent on the technology that people have developed. Technology has advanced with years and it has changed the way we purchase products, the way we live, the way we communicate, the way we travel the way we learn and so many changes have been brought about by these continuous technological advancements. As people’s demands and life style change, the demand for advancing the type of technology we use is high. Almost everything we use has been innovated to better standards, a good example is the Mobile Phone the type of mobile phones we had in 1995 are no longer on demand in this century, the demands of mobile phone users have changed greatly, and this has resulted in the advancement of mobile phone technologies.

Users of mobile phones demand simplicity and more functionality, which has forced mobile phone manufactures to develop computer minded smart phones, which are so easy to use, but also they come with more functionality compared to the type of mobile phones we used to have in the past.

Technological advancements have helped businesses and organizations save time and cost of production, which has been an advantage to all business, they manage these advancements to gain competitive advantage. A good a example is the 3G / 4G broadband, small businesses have taken advantage of this super-fast internet to reach target markets with less costs of operation.

In the past, only big successful companies would dominate the market because they could afford the expensive adverting Medias, like Television, to reach any target market. Small businesses typically don’t have fat budgets and find it hard to compete in any given profitable market. Now with advanced internet technologies, a small business can use most advanced internet marketing tools with a small budget which can range from $100 – $5000 to reach over 100,000 target customers. The effects of technological advancement are both positive and negative. Positively, technology advancement has simplified the way we do things, it saves time, it increases on production, it simplifies communication, it has improved health care and it has also improved our educational environment. Negatively , technology advancement has made humans so lazy , technology users are so dependent on new advance tech tools , this laziness has resulted into less innovation , it has increased on health risks because technology users exercise less , it has affected the environment because of the increase pollution which has affected the Ozone layers which has resulted into global warming. When it comes to education, students are more dependent on Calculators and computers to solve simple equations; in this case they can not train their brains to solve a simple task which makes them lame in class.

Technology has helped in saving many innocent lives. Human medicine and health sciences have improved. Doctors and medical students have embarked on medical technological tools to carry out extensive research on human health problems and challenges. This extensive research has resulted into the development of new drugs, and treatments which have helped in curing most challenging human diseases and this has helped in saving so many lives and it has also prolonged the human lifespan. Let’s look at some cool medical technological advancements and how they help us. 

 

INFLUENCE OF THE BIOSTIMULATOR ON THE MAMMALIAN ORGANISM AGAINST THE BACKGRAUND OF RADIATION SICKNESS

Kholikova M.N., student of the 3rd year faculty of treatment and pediatrics Scientific director: Khasanova D.A.

Department of Anatomy, clinic Anatomy (OSTA)

The goal of the research. to ease the condition after irradiation, i.e. boost immunity with stimulants.

Materials and methods. information sources on biostimulating agents and materials concerning the study of tissue therapy, radiation sickness and experiments were performed on rats.

Results. Social and environmental factors lead to a progressive increase in the number of human and animal diseases. More often there are cancer, radiation sickness and other diseases. And actualize increasingly the problem of obtaining biologically active substances for the correction of metabolism and immunity.

We conducted experiments on rats. We irradiated rats for 20 days from 0,2 Gray. In the end they received 4 Gray irradiation. Divided all the rats into 3 groups. The first group who didn`t take anything during the 20-day irradiation: the color of the coat is dull, yellowish, the mobility is reduced every day, the appetite is reduсed. The second group who drank the biostimulant from the beginning of the irradiation. ,1 ml antiseptic-stimulant of Dorogov 0,4 ml distilled water all: 0,5 ml.

More mobile in comparison than the first and third group. Appetite good. The coat color is clean and white, unchanged. After irradiation, the biostimulant dessert is discontinued. The third group took a biostimulator within 20 days after 20-days of exposure. They are more active than the first group but their coat became yellowish and appetite is more reduced than the third group.

The 4th group of rats not irradiated and did not take a biostimulator.

In general we had 4 groups. We took 2 rats from each group and dissected them. At the autopsy we found out that their ovaries and testes underwent macroscopic changes. In rats in the second and fourth groups, the size of the ovaries is almost the same. But in rats in the 3rd group they are smaller in size. And in rats in the 1st group the atrophied ovaries.

Also we conducted microscopic studies in which we found differences in intestinal lymphatic plaques. Those which drank the biostimulant during the irradiation, lymphatic plaques were located in groups of oval and round shape (6-8 plaques in group) or single. They were larger in size than in rats that did not take a biostimulator. But in rats which drank biostimulator after irradiation, lymphatic plaques are single and there are not lots of lymphatic plaques. And in rats which didn`t drink anything was difficult to find lymphatic plaques. Because they are single, smaller and there aren`t many lymphatic plaques. Nowadays we are continuing our research.

Conclusion: Biostimulants significantly increase immunity, increase impotence, positively affect the general condition of the body. We can use biostimulators to restore immunity and to reduce the harmful effects of irradiation in the treatment of cancer by irradiation. We can also use them for the prevention and treatment of radiation sickness.

 

  1. I.ИЖТИМОИЙ - ГУМАНИТАР ФАНЛАР МУАММОЛАРИ

WORLD GLOBAL PROBLEMS

Babajanov X.J., student of the 1st year medical faculty Scientific supervisor: Tasheva N.Z.

Languages department

Global problems are those which affect not only one individual but the whole mankind. They can’t be solved in one day and require organized efforts from the world community. If people leave these problems unsettled, it may lead to serious consequences in the future. It will affect all humanity and environment. All in all, global problems are the following: environmental pollution, climate change, resource issues, overpopulation, nuclear weapons and some others. Speaking about pollution, I’d like to mention the Chernobyl disaster, which was the result of reckless economic activities. At the moment, many forests and rivers are also endangered due to careless attitude. In the 21st century our world faces one of the most urgent problems – the climate change. The earth is warming up. As a result some species and their habitats suffer. Recent years have shown increasing temperatures in some regions and extreme weather conditions, including hurricanes, earthquakes, and tsunamis. The shortage of resources is another pressing issue. Natural resources are limited and we can’t use them carelessly. The increasing number of factories is the root of this problem. The world’s population will soon reach an intolerable level and this will lead to the shortage of resources as well. To avoid the catastrophe this growth must be stopped. Many environmental and social problems are the result of overpopulation. Nuclear weapon is one of the most terrifying global problems. The use of such weapon is against any international law. Apart from nuclear there is also chemical weapon and biological. Another threatening problem nowadays is terrorism. It endangers life of every person on the earth.

People have lived in our planet Earth for centuries and global problems have always existed. In ancient times the biggest global problem was wars. People have been fighting with each other since beginning of the civilization mostly to get new territories and more land. Today, there are more global problems which can be divided into two categories: ecological problems and social, economic and political issues. The first category includes issues relating to ecological destruction, pollution and global warming as the result. The climate is changing and many people agree that climate change may be one of the greatest threats facing the planet. Global warming has already killed off some types of animals and plants. Rising sea levels are threatening whole nations on islands in the Pacific and Indian Oceans. The second category of global problems deals with social, economic and political issues. They include global terrorism, poverty, human rights, health issues, racism and many others. We are faced with the problem of global terrorism. And more and more countries are suffering from it. It is difficult to catch terrorists and prevent their acts. Poverty is another global problem. The worst situation is in Africa where people (mostly children) die every day of hunger. The poor also have less access to health, education and other services. Incurable diseases and epidemics also are global challenge for humanity. Another global problem is racism, when people of different races and different skin color are humiliated and even killed. There are many organizations that fight social global problems, but this battle has lasted for a long time and it will take much time for the solution of all of them. We live in the 21st century and humanity has made a great progress in technology, so I think that it is strange that we still have global problems, especially the ones that deal with social, economic and political issues. I am sure that they can be solved completely without any conflicts or wars. 

IMPROVING TEACHING ENGLISH THROUGH ACTION RESEARCH

Tasheva N.Z. Languages department

Foreign language teachers develop insights into their students’ learning from observing their behavior. Reflective teachers analyze the students’ behaviors, identify potential problems, modify their teaching practices, and evaluate the results. Some ideas succeed; others fail—sometimes surprisingly. Action research is classroom-based research conducted by teachers in order to reflect upon and evolve their teaching. It is a systematic, documented inquiry into one aspect of teaching and learning in a specific classroom. The purpose of teacher research is to gain understanding of teaching and learning within one’s classroom and to use that knowledge to increase teaching efficacy/student learning. Reflective teachers do this every day, only not as carefully and systematically. With training and support, you can learn how to systematize your inquiry from informal reflection and teacher story sharing to formal research.[2,p.1-2]

The first step is choosing a research question: it should be specific, answerable, and lead to significant information on an aspect of teaching or learning. Reflective teachers generally have questions in their minds about what they observe in the classroom; this can be a good place to start. If you don’t have a question in mind, keeping a teaching journal of observations and questions can provide potential questions. As you choose a question, be sure that it is not too general or too big to be answered given your resources. Here we would like to present a sample of teacher research question forming frame. This is a model for the process of defining your research question as the first stage of your teacher research.

Choosing a Topic Area:

What are your interests? What problem would you like to address?

Teacher research beings with an area of interest. It can be broad, but you shouldn’t have more than one.

Why? This is the first step of teacher research.

How? Think about something that you have been wondering about in your classroom. Why are some of the lessons more successful than others?

_ Why do some of the students seem to master information much faster?

_ Is my knowledge of multiple intelligences being transferred to my classroom instruction? Then pick the topic of the question that interests you most.

Examples: learning strategies, portfolio assessment or computer technology in the classroom.

Developing a List of Questions Related to the Topic: What are some questions you have on this topic?

If you have a topic/problem you would like to address, but you are not quite sure what aspect to investigate, coming up with a list of questions is the next step.

Why? In order to help narrow your topic/problem statement to a research question. How? Keep a journal.

 

USING IDIOMS IN LEARNING ENGLISH AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE

Yusupova M. student of the 2nd year мedical and pediatric faculty Scientific master: Shomurodova M.F.

Languages department

Idiomatic English is fun, interesting, and colorful. Your English will sound more natural when you can use idioms successfully. You will be able to understand more of what you read and hear too. But what is an idiom? An idiom is a group of words, as a group, the words combine to form a new meaning. The words work as a team. For example, you know the meaning of house and cards, and you probably know what the literal (basic) meaning of a house of cards is: the idiomatic meaning – an organization or plan that is very weak and can easily be destroyed – is not obvious. The best way to understand an idiom is to see it in context. If someone says: This tin opener’s driving me round the bend? I think I’ll throw it away and get a new one next time I’m in town. Then the context and common sense tells us that drive round the bend means something different from driving a car round a curve in the road. The context tells us the tin opener is not working properly and that it’s having an effect on the person using it. In my article I want to give some examples of idioms and their origin.

Black sheep of the family

Meaning: The most different or odd one out in a group or a family.

Usage: As David does not study hard like his other brothers he is considered the black sheep of his family.

Origin: The color black is associated with evil and a sheep that is all black is rare, especially in a herd of all-white sheep. So a black sheep in a white herd is definitely the odd one out. In the early 1800' s, shepherds thought that black sheep scared off the white ones and therefore favored them less. Slowly, this saying came to refer to the least favored person in a family or group.

Crocodile tears

Meaning: False or fake tears.

Usage: Peter fell down but did not hurt himself. He cried crocodile tears only because he wanted his dad to buy him something.

Origin: Have you ever seen a crocodile crying? I'm sure you haven't! Therefore anyone who is crying crocodile tears is just pretending. The ancient Romans used this expression freely. Renowned writers like Lord Tennyson and William Shakespeare used this expression to mean insincere sorrow.

Raining cafe and dogs Meaning: To rain very heavily.

Usage: Johnny cannot go out to play today because it is raining cats and dogs.

Origin: In the 17th Century in England, there were heavy rainstorms and sometimes cats and dogs would drown and would be found lying dead on the roads after the rains. It almost looked like it had been raining cats and dogs.

To sum up, English has thousands of idioms. English idioms, proverbs, and expressions are an important part of everyday English. They come up all the time in both written and spoken English. Because idioms don't always make sense literally, you'll need to familiarize yourself with the meaning and usage of each idiom. That may seem like a lot of work, but learning idioms is fun, especially when you compare English idioms to the idioms in your own language. Learning to use common idioms and expressions will make your English sound more native, so it's a good idea to master some of these expressions.


  1. I.Оналик ва болаликни муҳофаза қилиш муаммолари
  2. 1.Абдурахимова Д. Изучение состояния родовых путей у беременных с дородовым разрывом плодных оболочек .................................................................

 

 

3

2. Арслонова Н. Этиопатогенетические факторы развития миомы матки .............

3

3. Ашурова М. Преждевременные роды в современном аспекте ............................

4

4. Бобокулова С. Оналар ўлими таркибида генитал сепсиснинг ўрни ...................

5

5. Бафоева З. Балоғат ёшидаги қизларда темир танқислиги камқонлиги ва яшириш темир танқислигида ретикулоцитар формуланинг хусусиятлари ............

 

6

6. Болтаева М., Чақалоқлар цитомегаловирусли инфекциясида асаб тизимининг

ўзига хос хусусиятлари ............................................................................................

 

6

7. Ботирова З. Чақалоқларда ярали некротик энтероколитни келтириб чиқарувчи

асосий омиллар.........................................................................................................

 

7

8. Dustova N.K. Varicose veins of the pelvis in women suffering from varicose veins

of lower extremities....................................................................................................

 

8

9. Dustova N.K. Introduction of patients with varicose veins of the pelvis and pelvic

pain syndrome............................................................................................................

 

9

10. Исматова М.И. Ретроспективное изучение частоты встречаемости синдрома

ограничения роста плода..........................................................................................

 

10

11. Исмаилов Р.А. Анализ распространенности анемических состояний

у беременных.................................................................................................................

 

10

12.    Ibodullayeva   M.    Homila    ichi    infektsiyasi    va    uning    rivojlanishida    torch

infektsiyasining roli.........................................................................................................

 

11

13. Йитмасова Т. Енгил преэклампсияда буйракнинг функционал ҳолати ва айрим

гомеостаз кўрсаткичлари..................................................................................................

 

12

14. Комилжонова О. Результаты анкетирования качества жизни   пациенток после

массивного акушерского кровотечения...........................................................................

 

13

15.   Каюмова     Г.   Морфологические   аспекты     плацент   при преждевременных

родах....................................................................................................................................

 

14

16. Киличева В. Клиническая характеристика детей, родивщихся от матерей с

сахарным диабетом...........................................................................................................

 

15

17. Каримова Г.К. Выбор оптимального метода родоразрешения у женщин

с гестационным сахарным диабетом................................................................................

 

16

18.     Кодирова   М.Н. Современные методы   диагностики   в прогнозировании

развития родовой деятельности при переношенной беременности..............................

 

17

19. Кудратова Д.Ш. Современные аспекты     методов   лечения доброкачественных

образований придатков матки...........................................................................................

 

18

20. Malikova D.M. Skolioz bilan kasallangan o`smir qizlarda ginekologik rivojlanish

anomaliyalari........................................................................................................................

 

18

21. Махмудова Д. Полирадикулоневрит касаллигининг болаларда кечиш

хусусиятлари.......................................................................................................................

 

19

22. Мухаммедова Ш.Т. Состояние материнского организма - предиктор развития

неонатальной дезадаптации новорожденных..................................................................

 

20

23. Махманазаров О. Зависимость прогноза лейкоза у детей от образа жизни и

материального состояния родителей ...............................................................................

 

21

24. Наврузова Н.О. Факторы раннего выявления заболеваний шейки матки..............

22

25. Орипова Ф.Ш. Анализ ультразвуковых методов исследования при доброкачественных опухолей яичников у беременных................................................

 

22

26. Орипова Ф.Ш. Клинический анализ эмболизации маточных артерий при миоме

матки....................................................................................................................................

 

23

27. Розикова Д.К. Восприятие матерью движений плода в третьем триместре

беременности..................................................................................................................

 

24


28. Розикова Д.К. Морфологические изменения плаценты у женщин с

антенатальной гибели плода .....................................................................................

 

24

29. Сулейманова Г.С. Эффективность абактала у пациенток с гинекологической

патологией..........................................................................................................................

 

25

30. Сафарова Ш. Частота встречаемости различных видов врожденных пороков

сердца в зависимости от факторов риска у новорожденных.........................................

 

26

31. Saidova N. Bolalarda qusish sindromiga olib keluvchi omillar.....................................

27

32. Сафарова Ш. Последствия перинатального поражения мозга у детей раннего возраста......................................................................................................................

 

28

33. Сафаров Ш.У. Значение воспалительного ответа в системе «мать-плацента-

плод» при развитии врожденных пороков челюстно - лицевой области..................

 

28

34. Тўхтаева М.А. Выявляемость внутриутробных аномалий в бухарской области

и её своевременная коррекция........................................................................................

 

30

35. Турсунова Д. Течение беременности, родов и послеродового периода при

нарушении микробиоценоза влагалища.........................................................................

 

31

36. Тешаев У.Ш.   Проспективное наблюдение первобеременных с гипертензией

беременности......................................................................................................................

 

32

37. Хамидова   Н.Р.   Особенностей изменения в системе гемостаза у женщин при

физиологической беременности.......................................................................................

 

32

38. Sharipova D.Sh. The problem of stillbirth and the ways of its otution.........................

33

39. Шодиев Б.В. Микроэлементный статус женщин с репродуктивными потерьями............................................................................................................................

 

34

40. Ўктамова Р. Обструктив бронхитнинг эрта ёшдаги болаларда кечиш

хусусиятлари.......................................................................................................................

 

35

II.Терапевтик касалликлар муаммолари

41. Азимов Т.А. Роль велоэргометрии при ранней диагностики аритмии у средних возрастных групп..............................................................................................................

 

 

36

42.    Амонов    Ш.    Гипертония    касаллигида    ибн    сино    таълимоти    асосида

даволаш....................................................................................................................

 

36

43. Асатова М. Шарқ табобати усулида шақиқа хасталигини ташхислаш ва

даволашнинг ўзига хослиги..............................................................................................

 

37

44. Ахмедов Н. Изучение уровня мотивации к психотерапии у больных с

героиновой наркоманией.................................................................................................

 

37

45.     Aminova     N.     Deformatsiyalovchi     osteoartrozda     struktum     preparatining

samaradorligi.......................................................................................................................

 

38

46. Аъзамов Б. Анализ эффективности скрининга для диагностики

гастроэзофагеальной рефлюксной болезни в поликлиническом звене........................

 

39

47.     Базаров   С.Ш. Сравнительная оценка      терапевтической эффективности

препарата серетид у больных с   бронхиальной астмой.................................................

 

40

48. Бахтиёров М. Сурункали юрак етишмовчилигининг клиник кечишида

метеорологик омилларнинг таъсири...............................................................................

 

40

49. Бобохонова Л. Эффективность лечения заболеваний печени по методам

восточной медицины..........................................................................................................

 

41

50. Ёрматова М. Эпилепсия касаллиги диагностикаси, даволаш ва аффектив

ўзгаришлари динамикаси..................................................................................................

 

42

51. Zhabborov B. Stable angina pectoris and metabolic therapy.........................................

42

52. Имомова М. Особенности течения инфаркта миокарда среди мужского населения............................................................................................................................

 

43

53. Исломов Ф. Остеопороз касаллигини   бирламчи тиббий бўғин шароитида эрта

аниқлаш   ва олдини олиш чора тадбирлари....................................................................

 

44

54. Истамова С. Невербальное общение и его анализ....................................................

45


55. Курбоналиева Р.Б. Сахарный диабет и его осложнения.........................................

45

56. Majidova M.A. Uyushmagan ayollar orasida dislipidemiyaning tarqalishi va aniqlanishini baholash..........................................................................................................

 

45

57. Маликова Д.М. Гастроэзофагеал рефлюкс касаллигида учрайдиган клиник

ҳамда эндоскопик аломатларнинг рефлюксат муҳити турига алоқадорлиги..............

 

46

58. Мамедов Э. Прогнозирование суставного синдрома у подростков........................

47

59. Махмудова Г. Ичак микробиоценози ва организмнинг носпецифик ҳимоя тизими бузилишларини хроник гепатити бор беморларда бонджигар ва

lakto – g преператлари билан коррекциялаш..............................................................

 

 

47

60.      Мусульманова      Д.Ф.      Региональные      причины      экстрагепатических

субтрансаминаземий..........................................................................................................

 

48

61.    Мухсинов   Н.    Бирламчи   бўғинда   артериал   гипертония   билан   оғриган

беморларда тиббий хизмат сифатини ошириш..............................................................

 

49

62. Нурова Ш. Социальная адаптация при расстройствах личности...........................

49

63.     Назаров   А.И. Руҳий касалликлардаги     когнитив бузилишларни қиёсий ташхисоти ва даволаш чоралари.....................................................................................

 

50

64. Негматуллаева М.А. Распространенность абдоминального ожирения среди

женщин и мужчин............................................................................................................

 

51

65.     Нематуллаева    С.     Метафилактика    как    фактор    снижения    рецидивов

мочекаменной болезни....................................................................................................

 

52

66.    Носирова    С.З.    Оценка    иммуносупессивной   активности   растительного препарата “мебавин” в комплексной терапии хронического гломерулонефрита

смешанной формы...........................................................................................................

 

 

53

67. Нуров Б. Сравнительная оценка применения смеси сока редьки и мёда при

бронхитах ........................................................................................................................

 

54

68. Ramazonova Sh. Talabalarning narkomaniya haqidagi bilimini baholash................

54

69. Рауфов А.А. Анализ распространенности хронического пиелонефрита в первичном звене здравоохранения................................................................................

 

55

70. Rustamov I. Birlamchi tibbiy bo’g’in sharoitida gipertoniya kasalligini standart

asosida olib borishni tahlil qilish.......................................................................................

 

56

71. Садуллаева Л. Резистент сил ва қандли диабет билан бўлган беморларни

клиник назорати натижалари..........................................................................................

 

57

72. Суннатова М. Ошқозон ва ўн икки бармоқли ичак яра касаллигини алоедан

тайёрланган аралашма ёрдамида даволаш самарадорлиги..........................................

 

57

73.     Тожимуродов     М.     Дислипидемия    мавжуд         беморларда     гипертония

касаллигининг кечиш хусусиятлари.............................................................................

 

58

74. Убайдуллаев Д. Ўткир коронар синдромни хавфомилларига асосланиб тез

тиббий ёрдам кўрсатиш тактикасини танлаш...............................................................

 

58

75. Urinov R.M. Uash amaliyotida dissirkulyator ensefalopatiyani erta tashxislashning

аhamiyati............................................................................................................................

 

59

76. Xayrullayev M. Bronxial astma kasalligida funksional tekshirish usullarining

ahamiyatini baholash.........................................................................................................

 

60

77. Хамроев С.Б. Использование лазолвана в лечении больных с хронической

обструктивной болезнью легких....................................................................................

 

60

78. Хамраев Т. Современные представления об этиологии гастритов и язвенной

болезни желудка и методах их лечения.........................................................................

 

61

79. Хамраев С. Использование арбузных корок в народной медицине при лечении

мочекаменной болезни...................................................................................................

 

62

80. Ходжиева Г.С. Интразональность синдрома жильбера в популяции с

сравнительной оценкой провоцирующих факторов..................................................

 

62

81. Хотамова Г. Соғломлаштирувчи, ривожлантирувчи аэробик машқларнинг

 


организмга таъсири........................................................................................................

63

82.   Sharipova     Sh.   Nospesifik yarali kolitning      faollik darajalarini      retrospektiv baholash............................................................................................................................

 

63

83. Eshmurotov S. Yurak ishemik kasalligi yuzaga kelishida xavf omil sifatida ortiqcha

tana vazni va abdominal semizlikni o'rganish..................................................................

 

64

84. Ярашова Б. Эшакеми касаллигини даволашда гулмахсар ўсимлигини

самарадорлигини аниқлаш............................................................................................

 

65

85.    Қулиева    М.    Бош    мия    қон    томир    касалликларидаги         неврозсимон бузилишларнинг намоён бўлишининг психологик механизмлари ва замонавий

даволаш усуллари..........................................................................................................

 

 

65

86. Ҳакимова М. Уч шохли нерв невралгиясида игнарефлексотерапиянинг

самарадорлигини ўрганиш............................................................................................

 

66

87. Ҳамидова Г. Сурункали вирусли гепатит касалликларида сканжубиннинг

самарадорлиги................................................................................................................

 

67

88.   Ҳамидова М.Г. Ошқозон   ва ўн икки бармоқли ичак   яра касаллиги билан

оғриган беморларда нопсихоген бузилишларни даволаш самарадорлиги...............

 

67

III. Хирургик касалликлар муаммолари

89.    Абдурахманов    Д.    Современные    хирургические    методы    лечения         при критических ишемиях нижних конечностей у больных сахарным диабетом..........

 

 

69

90. Абданов А. Комбинированный физико-химический метод лечения гнойных

ран мягких тканей............................................................................................................

 

69

91. Алимова Ш.А. Оптимизация консервативного лечения хронических гнойных

отитов у вич-инфицированных детей...........................................................................

 

70

92. Амонова Ю.Возможности цифровой маммографии в выявлении патологии

молочной железы...........................................................................................................

 

70

93. Arslonov A. Qo’l va oyoqlarning yiringli kasalliklarida linfatrop usulda davolash

samaradorligi...................................................................................................................

 

71

94. Ахмедов М. Гигант вентрал чурраларда аллогерниопротезлаш натижаларини

яхшилаш омиллари ......................................................................................................

 

72

95. Ахроров Ж. Кўрув нерви атрафияларида церебрализин дори воситасининг

самарадорлиги...............................................................................................................

 

72

96.   Баракатов И.И. Лучевая    диагностика в   оценке изменений тазобедренного

сустава до и после эндопротезирования ...................................................................

 

73

97. Boymuminov N. Surunkali prostatit bilan kasallangan bemorlarni differensial

davolash..........................................................................................................................

 

74

98. Жалолова Н.М. Болалар ва ўсмирлардаги ҳалқум кандидозини даволаш.........

75

99.    Икрамова    Ф.С.    Лечение    хронических   аллергических         риносинуситов посредством применения эндоназальной глюкокортикоидной терапии.................

 

75

100. Икромов Ж. Болалар йирингли хирургик инфекциясида озонотерапия..........

76

101. Маматкулов М. Выявление хронического тонзиллита среди

вич- инфицированных.................................................................................................

 

76

102.   Мирзамурадов Х. Ранее   эндопротезирование метод выбора    при лечении

переломов шейки бедренной кости...........................................................................

 

77

103. Муминов М.Б. Лечебные свойства мускатного ореха......................................

77

104. Нурханова Н.О. Скрининг рака молочной железы..........................................

78

105. Номуродов В.К. Операциядан кейинги вентрал чурраси бўлган беморларга қўйилган аллотрансплантантларни қиёсий бахолаш..............................................

 

79

106. Облокулов А. Манипуляциядан кейинги тромбофлебитлари мавжуд

бўлган беморларда даволаш самарадорлигини такомиллаштириш........................

 

79

107. Одилов М.Ю. Совершенствование лечения вторичной катаракты.................

80


108. Оллоков А. Лечение местного гипертензивно-ишемического синдрома при

глубоких циркулярных ожогах..................................................................................

 

80

109. Салимбаева Н. Склеротерапия при варикозном расширении нижних

конечностей..............................................................................................................

 

81

110. Ташпулатов С. Эффективность иглорефлексотерапии при лечении

энуреза………………………………………………………………………….............

 

81

111. Темирова Д. Остеохондроз касаллигини хрен ўсимлиги тиндирмаси билан

даволаш...................................................................................................................

 

82

112. Тилавов Т. Бўқоқ касаллигида тотал тиреоидэктомия операциясига

кўрсатма ва операциядан кейинги ўринбосар терапия..........................................

 

82

113. Tuymurodov B. Endoprosthesis replacement the choice method at severe forms

of degenerative and dystrоfic diseases of the hip joint...............................................

 

83

114. Тургунбаев Э.К.Острый коронарный синдром у больных молодого

возраста с артериальной гипертонией...................................................................

 

84

115. Хамраева З. Острые риносинуситы среди вич- инфицированных пациентов,

получающих антиретровирусную терапию.........................................................

 

85

116. Ҳусанов С. Қон қуйишда кузатиладиган хавфли асоратлар............................

85

IV. Стоматологик касалликлар муаммолари

117. Асадова А. Клинико-морфологические исследования многоформной экссудативной эритемы...........................................................................................

 

 

87

118.     Алимов Ў. Ўсмирларда          чакка - пастки жағ бўғими функционал

бузилишларини тарқалиш даражаси........................................................................

 

87

119. Абдуллаев Б.Б. Основные принципы профилактики осложнений у больных

с одонтогенными перфоративными верхнечелюстными синуситами....................

 

88

120. Бахранов Ш. Пародонт касалликларини замонавий даволаш усуллари..........

89

121. Bokiev Sh. Treatment of destructive forms of periodontitis with microbiological study of root canal content.........................................................................................

 

89

122. Имомов У.К. Метод математической оценки возможности использования моляров в качестве дистальной опоры мостовидных протезов в зависимости от

степени их медиального наклона……………………………………………………..

 

 

90

123. Камалова М.К. Совершенствование методов диагностики и лечения

хронического рецидивирующего герпетического стоматита у детей.....................

 

90

124. Мастонова М.Т. Иммунные параметры у больных пародонтитом.................

91

125. Мастонова М.Т. Микробный пейзаж при гингивите у детей..........................

92

126. Мардиева М.А. Анализ ошибок и осложнений при эндодонтическом лечении зубов и их профилактика………………………………………………………………

 

93

127.    Мирзаева    Г.     Комплексное    лечение    острых    гнойно-воспалительных

заболеваний полости рта.........................................................................................

 

93

128. Матчонов Б. Современные методы лечения кариеса......................................

94

129.      Маманазаров      А.Н.      Патологик      едирилишни      даволашда      ўзакли конструкцияларни қўллаш......................................................................................

 

95

130.   Насуллаев Ш. Тиш     атрофидаги тўқималар яллиғланишини хом лавлаги

аралашмаси ёрдамида даволаш..............................................................................

 

95

131. Орифхўжаева М. Кариес касалликларини олдини олиш чора тадбирлари.....

96

132. Рустамов К.Ғ. Стоматит касаллигини шарқ табобати усулида даволаш.........

97

133. Сафаров Ш.У. Распространение врожденных зубочелюстных аномалий в Навоийском регионе.............................................................................................

 

97

134. Саидова М. Применение аутогемотромбоцитарной массы в

стоматологии……………………………………………………………………………

 

98

135. Saidova M. Efficiency of calcium hydroxide in the infected root canals..............

99


136.    Сайдиллаев    Ш.    Дисфункция    височно-нижнечелюстного   сустава    при

нарушениях окклюзионных контактов...................................................................

 

100

137.     Тўлқинов   М. Бухоро шахридаги     болаларда ўткир герпетик стоматитни

даволашда кератопластик воситаларни қўллаш самарадорлиги...........................

 

101

138.    Фазилова    У.     Сравнительная    характеристика    адгезивных    систем    в

стоматологии пятого и шестого поколений...........................................................

 

102

139. Холмедова З. Лечения пульпитов постоянных зубов с несформированными

корнями апексдентом ............................................................................................

 

103

140.    Халилов   Р.К.    Қисман   иккиламчи   тишсизликда    ацетал   қисман   олиб

қуйиладиган протезларнинг афзаллиги..................................................................

 

104

141. Xudoyqulov U.I. Qoziq tishlar distopiyasini zamonaviy ortodontik apparatlar bilan

davolash usullari.......................................................................................................

 

104

142. Ходжаев С.Р. Изменение лицевых симптомов в последствии частичной

вторичной адентии..................................................................................................

 

105

143. Хожиев И. Роль адгезивной пасты «солкосерил» в лечении заболеваний слизистой оболочки полости рта, пародонта, послеоперационных ран челюстно -

лицевой области......................................................................................................

 

 

106

144. Худойкулов А. Совершенствование методов лечения травм челюстно-

лицевой области......................................................................................................

 

107

145.       Хамроева       К.       Эффективный      способ       лечения       бруксизма       в

стоматологии...........................................................................................................

 

107

146. Чориев Д.У. Современные подходы в лечении ран мягких тканей челюстно-

лицевой области......................................................................................................

 

108

147. Чориев Д.У. Иммунологический эффект энзимотерапии при переломах

нижней челюсти......................................................................................................

 

109

148.    Чориев    Д.У.    Усовершенствование   методов    подготовки    имплантации

зубов........................................................................................................................

 

109

149.      Чориев      Д.У.      Применение      серрата      при      переломах      нижней

челюсти...................................................................................................................

 

110

150. Choriyev D.U. Sut tishlari erta yo’qotilgan almashinuv prikusida birlamchi

ortodontik рrofilaktika...............................................................................................

 

111

151.    Чиргалиев    М.    Совершенствование    хирургических    методов    лечения

радикулярных кист челюстей.................................................................................

 

112

152. Шодмонов К.Э. Болалар ёшида периодонтитларни даволашда пустан - стома

тиндирмасининг   самарали    хусусиятларини    ўрганиш    ва    амалиётда    тадбиқ этиш.........................................................................................................................

 

 

113

153. Шукурлаев С. Стомотологияда физиотерапевтик даволаш усуллари.............

113

154. Қодиров С.Э. Гиперфункция щитовидной железы как фактор риска развития эрозии и некроза эмали зубов у детей......................................................................

 

114

155. Ҳакимова Ю.Р. Кекса ёшдагиларда ортопедик даволашнинг ўзига хос

хусусиятлари.............................................................................................................

 

115

156. Якубов Б. Одам иммунтанқислик синдромини оғиз бўшлиғида намоён

бўлишида диагностик белгиларни аниқлаш кўрсаткичлари....................................

 

115

V. Тиббий - профилактик фанлар муаммолари

157. Адизов Т. Ёшлар орасида ичкиликбозлик, наркомания ва тамаки чекишни олдини олиш тўғрисида...........................................................................

 

 

117

158. Абдукаримов М. Бухоро вилояти бўйича касб касалликларининг

тарқалиши................................................................................................................

 

117

159. Болтаева М. Ботулизм касаллигининг клиник кечишининг ўзига хос

хусусиятлари............................................................................................................

 

118

160. Бўронов Ж. Дегельминтизация ўтказиш асослари ..........................................

119


161. Джунаидова А. Особенности диарейных дисбактериозов кишечника

у детей......................................................................................................................

 

120

162. Ismoilov I.I. Suvchechakning kattalarda klinik kechish xususiyatlari....................

120

163. Кадырова М. Лечебные свойства гармалы при острых респираторных вирусных инфекциях..............................................................................................

 

121

164. Маматқобилова С. Хавф гуруҳига кирувчи аҳоли орасида вирусли гепатитлар

тўғрисидаги тиббий билимлар даражасини ўрганиш .............................................

 

122

165. Назарова А. Лечение гельминтозов семенами тыквы ....................................

122

166. Нормуродов Э. Себореяли дерматитнинг замонавий клиник кечиш даражаси ва микробиологик, микологик жиҳатлари................................................................

 

123

167. Носиров Ф. Трихофития маддаланган-инфильтратив шаклининг Бухоро

вилоятида учраши ва даволаш тизимини такомиллаштириш..................................

 

124

168. Намозова Н. Иммунизация населения - удар по инфекциям ..........................

124

169.   Omonov A. Lyamblioz    kasalligining     davosini    takomillashtirish     va yarish- geyksgeymer reaksiyasi davosida dyufalakning samarasi ........................................

 

125

170. Очилова Д. Защита материнства и детства - приоритетное направление

здравоохранения......................................................................................................

 

126

171.    Расулова   М.М.    Витилигонинг   этиопатогенези   ва   замонавий   даволаш

тамойиллари...............................................................................................................

 

127

172. Салимова Т. Эффективность линезолида в комплексной терапии больных с

лекарственно-устойчивым туберкулёзом легких.....................................................

 

127

173. Саъдуллаев Д. Эффективность применения смеси лимона и мёда против

курения....................................................................................................................

 

128

174. Султанова Н. Лечение диареи гранатовой коркой...........................................

129

175.     Тўхтаев     Д.     Лейшманиознинг     клиник     турларига     қараб            яранинг эпителизацияланиш муддатини коррекциялаш.......................................................

 

129

176. Усмонова Н.С. Применение антибиотиков в медицинских учреждениях

Бухарской области....................................................................................................

 

130

177. Файзуллаева М. Ёш болаларда оғиз бўшлиғи касалликларининг келиб

чиқишида нормал микрофлоранинг роли................................................................

 

131

178.      Хайдарова      Н.      Халқ      табобати      усулида      сўгални            даволаш

самарадорлиги..........................................................................................................

 

131

179.    Хамдамов    И.    Мобил    телефонлар:    фойдали    ва    зарарли    томонлари

хусусида...................................................................................................................

 

132

VI. Тиббий - биологик фанлар муаммолари

180. Абдиева Н. Изучение фармакологических свойств плодов тутовника.................................................................................................................

 

 

133

181. Атоев Р.А. Распространение внутрибольничных инфекций в лечебно-

профилактических учреждениях Бухарской области.............................................

 

133

182. Ахтамов А. Структура слизистой оболочки желудка крысы и ее реактивные

изменения................................................................................................................

 

134

183. Ашурова М. Возрастная макро- и микроанатомия лимфоидных образований

ободочной кишки крысы и её изменения при воздействии цимбуша.....................

 

135

184.   Badieva D.S. Сhanges   occurring in the   small intestine under   the influence of

biostimulator against the background radiation disease.......................................................

 

136

185. Bakayev B. Aloe va uning shifobaxsh xususiyatlari............................................

137

186. Бойбекова А.Ф. Загрязнение атмосферы и его влияние на здоровье...................

137

187. Давлатов Ш. Олий ўқув юртлари талабалари жисмоний сифатларини ривожлантиришда гимнастика воситаларининг самародорлиги..............................

 

138

188. Жумакулов С. Овқат омилининг эксперименти буйрак усти бези структураси

ва функциясига таъсирини ўрганиш........................................................................

 

139

189. Kadirov M. Facing a technological development..................................................

140

190. Касымова Н. Эпидемиология и клинические особенности детского аутизма....

141

191. Omonov O. Asalari zahrining farmakologik xususiyatlari....................................

142

192. Нарзуллаева С.Ж. Спектр активности сывороточных аминотрансфераз у лиц с избыточной массой тела...................................................................................

 

142

193. Сулейманова Г.С. Изучение гуморального иммунитета на гиулуронидазу в

эксперименте......................................................................................................................

 

143

194.    Сулейманова Г.С.   Характеристика   микробного   пейзажа   влагалища   и

кишечника у беременных женщин..........................................................................

 

144

195. Usmonov M. Oshqozon rakining morfoepidemiologiyasi.....................................

144

196. Xalikova N. Do`lananing farmakologik xususiyatlarini o`rganish.........................

145

197. Хамитов С. Айрисимон безнинг иммун жавобдаги ўрни.................................

146

198. Kholikova   M.N. Influence of the biostimulator    on the mammalian organism against the backgraund of radiation sickness...............................................................

 

146

199.    Шодиева   Н.    Оқ   каламушлар    ингичка   ичак   ворсинкалари   эпителиал

қаватларининг меъёрда ва которан таъсирида лимфоцитар инфильтрацияси.........

 

147

VII. Ижтимоий - гуманитар фанлар муаммолари

200. Babajanov X.J. World global problems.................................................................

 

149

201.       Ибрахимова      М.       Инглиз      ва       ўзбек       тилларида      сўз       ясаш

усуллари...................................................................................................................

 

150

202. Комилов М. Типы предлогов............................................................................

151

203.       Обидов       И.Ў.       Глобаллашув       жараёни       ва       ёшлар       ахлоқий тарбияси....................................................................................................................

 

152

204. Рўзиева С. Глобаллашув даврида диний ва дунёвий маданият уйғунлигига

эришишнинг долзарб масалалари............................................................................

 

153

205.    Собиржонов   А.   Ёшлар    ижтимоий   фаоллигини   оширишнинг   долзарб

масалалари: муаммо ва ечимлар..............................................................................

 

154

206.     Tilavova     Z.     Ta`lim      jarayonida     pedagogik     texnologiyalarni     qo`llash

…………………...................................................................................................

 

155

207. Tasheva N.Z. Improving teaching english through

action research…………………………………………………………………..............

 

156

208. Усмонова З. Мамлакатимизда ёшларни миллий ва диний бағрикенглик руҳида       камол       топтириш       фуқаролик       жамиятининг      муҳим       шарти

сифатида..................................................................................................................

 

 

157

209. Фатуллаев А. Ўзбек маърифатпарварларининг маънавият - маърифатни

тиклаш борасидаги уринишлари..............................................................................

 

159

210. Хамдамов А.Б. Новаторство педагогических идей в философии английского

возрождения………………………………………………………………………………

 

159

211.     Хаджаев   С. Абдураҳмон Жомий      хаёти - ёшлар учун ибрат намуна

.......................................................................................................................

 

160

212. Sharipova D.Sh. Besh asr - besh lahza mangulik uchun, daho so’zi vaqtga qilmas

e’tibor.........................................................................................................................

 

161

213. Yusupova M. Using idioms in learning english as a foreign language………………

162

214. Ҳамдамов А. Хавфсизлик, миллатлараро тотувлик ва диний бағрикенгликни таъминлаш - Ўзбекистон тараққиётининг бош мақсади ...........................................

 

163

 

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