On Education

On Education

Article 1. Purpose of this Law

The purpose of this Law is to regulate relations in the field of education.

Article 2. Legislation on education

Legislation on education consists of this Law and other legislative acts.

If an international treaty of the Republic of Uzbekistan establishes rules other than those provided for by the legislation of the Republic of Uzbekistan on education, then the rules of the international treaty shall apply.

Article 3. Basic concepts

The following basic concepts are applied in this Law:

state accreditation — process of state recognition of the compliance of the activities of state educational institutions and organizations, non-state educational organizations (hereinafter – educational organizations) with state educational standards, state educational requirements and curricula, as well as granting the right to issue their graduates with educational documents;

state educational institution — institution created by public and administrative authorities based on state-owned property, providing education in accordance with state educational standards and state educational requirements;

state educational standards — set of state requirements to the content and quality of education;

state educational requirements — mandatory requirements to the structure, content and conditions for the implementation of education, as well as to the physical, personal, intellectual, scientific and professional qualities of students;

qualification — level of knowledge, abilities, skills and competencies characterizing the preparedness of a person to perform a certain type of professional activity, confirmed by an appropriate educational document;

specialty — the name of a specific type of professional training, which results in the assignment of a qualification;

non-state educational organization — legal entity that provides educational services on the basis of a license for the provision of educational services in accordance with state educational standards, state educational requirements and curricula;

upbringing — systemic process aimed at the all-round development of the young generation based on a specific target-oriented and socio-historical experience, the formation of consciousness, spiritual and moral values and worldview;

education — systemic process aimed at providing students with deep theoretical knowledge, faculties and practical skills, as well as the formation of general educational and professional knowledge, faculties and skills, and the development of abilities;

educational campus — educational and upbringing environment that ensures high efficiency of the educational process, spiritual and moral education, including a complex of buildings and structures, educational buildings, research institutes (centers), production complexes and technoparks, places of temporary residence of participants in the educational and upbringing process, laboratories, information resource centers (libraries), sports facilities, catering facilities, united on a single territory;

participants in the educational and upbringing process — students, parents or other legal representatives of minor students, teaching staff and their representatives;

certification of educational organizations — main form of state control over assessment of performance of educational organizations and determination of the content, level and quality of training of specialists in accordance with state educational standards, state educational requirements and curricula.

Article 4. Main principles in the field of education

The main principles in the field of education are:

recognition of the priority of education;

freedom to choose the form of education;

inadmissibility of discrimination in the field of education;

ensuring equal opportunities for education;

introducing national and universal values in education and upbringing;

humanistic, democratic nature of education and upbringing;

continuity of education;

compulsory eleven-year education and one-year preparation for general secondary education for children from six to seven years of age;

universal access to education within the limits of state educational standards and state educational requirements;

consistent and differentiated approach to the choice of educational programs;

lifelong education;

guarantee of social protection of teachers in society;

secular nature of the education system;

encouragement of education, aptitude and talent;

combination of state and public administration in the education system;

openness and transparency in the field of educational activities.

Article 5. Right to education

Everyone is guaranteed equal rights to education regardless of gender, race, nationality, language, religion, social origin, beliefs, personal and social status.

The right to education shall be ensured through:

development of educational organizations;

support of innovations in educational organizations and implementation of educational programs using innovative technologies;

organization of off-the-job (full-time) and on-the-job (external, evening, distance) education;

training, retraining and advanced training of specialists;

free general secondary, secondary specialized and initial vocational education;

granting to citizens, who received home-based education or self-educated, as well as to persons who have not received general secondary education, the right to be certified as an external student by accredited state educational institutions.

Foreign citizens have the right to receive education in the Republic of Uzbekistan in accordance with international treaties and the legislation of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

Stateless persons permanently residing in the Republic of Uzbekistan have equal rights to receive education with the citizens of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

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